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20 May 2017

Rationality Reading List - Center for Applied Rationality

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  • Rating: 5; Complexity: 5
    Title: Rationality Reading List - Center for Applied Rationality

    Rationality: From AI to Zombies This book is a distillation of Eliezer Yudkowsky’s “sequences” on human thought and rationality. It’s intended to serve both as an introduction to thinking about thinking and as a resource for people interested in digging deeper into epistemology, metacognition, and how to be less wrong. Thinking, Fast and Slow In the 1970s, Daniel Kahneman co-founded the study of cognitive biases. Now a Nobel laureate, he summarizes his life’s work and the subfields of psychology and economics he helped create. This is an engaging book about the causes of human error, written by the field’s most prestigious researcher. Superforecasting: The Art and Science of Prediction New York Times bestselling author and professor Phillip Tetlock explains the habits of the best people in the world at predicting the outcomes to uncertain events. Focusing Psychologist Eugene Gendlin teaches an advanced intropection technique he calls Focusing. It’s used to access the very edges of what you’re thinking and feeling, to discover beliefs and connections that are difficult to access analytically. Predictably Irrational In this New York Times bestseller, Dan Ariely humorously and accurately weaves together stories from his career as a researcher and reflections on the nature of human reasoning. Influence: the Psychology of Persuasion Dr. Robert Cialdini explains the psychology of why people say “yes,” and the details of six specific principles you can use to become a skilled persuader (or to spot attempts by others to persuade you). What Intelligence Tests Miss Psychologist Keith Stanovich has spent decades conducting experiments which show that intelligence and rationality are not the same thing, and that highly intelligent people are still susceptible to many biases and thinking distortions. In this book, he offers a unifying explanation of how bias works — and how it might be meliorated. The Signal and the Noise: Why So Many Predictions Fail – But Some Don’t Nate Silver has reliably predicted electoral results better than any other pundit. How does he do it? As his book reveals, he does it by bothering to obey the laws of probability theory; that is, by using Bayes’ Theorem to update his beliefs. Decisive: How to Make Better Choices in Life and Work Chip and Dan Heath explain where human decision-making often stalls out and offer habits and reframes to help you avoid cognitive derailment. Your Brain at Work: Strategies for Overcoming Distraction, Regaining Focus, and Working Smarter All Day Long Useful ways to stay productive and focused in work environment with a focus on neuroscience so you’ll understand the why as well as the how. Academic Rationality and the Reflective Mind Keith Stanovich’s model of human bias and how it might be meliorated is perhaps the most advanced in the field, and nowhere is this model better explained and defended than in this book. Thinking and Deciding, 4th Edition With its first edition published in 1988, Thinking and Deciding is perhaps the “standard” introductory textbook on the normative, descriptive, and prescriptive aspects of judgment and decision-making; how an ideal agent would reason, how humans do normally reason, and what humans can do to think and act more like ideal agents. Rational Choice in an Uncertain World, 2nd edition This textbook on judgment and decision is more advanced than Thinking and Deciding and covers more material. The Oxford Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning This excellent volume contains up-to-date chapters on nearly every major subject in the psychology of thinking and reasoning, written by some of the leading authors on each subject. Judgment in Managerial Decision Making This textbook is engagingly written, offers numerous illustrative examples, and does an excellent job of organizing decision science in memorable and useful ways. It is particularly useful for those who want to apply decision science to business management, but its coverage is general enough to be useful to all readers. Judgment Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases Gilovich, Griffin, and Kahneman deep dive into shortcuts and systematic errors in judgement made by people in uncertain situations. Staff Picks Nonviolent Communication In this internationally acclaimed text, Marshall Rosenberg offers insightful stories, anecdotes, practical exercises and role-plays that will dramatically change your approach to communication for the better. Gödel, Escher, Bach By looking at the brilliant minds of mathematician Kurt Godel, graphic artist M. C. Escher, and composer Johann Sebastian Bach, computer-science and cognitive-science professor Douglas Hofstadter ties together the aesthetic gift of pattern recognition and manipulation with theories on artificial intelligence, human intelligence, and the essence of self-awareness. Harry Potter and the Methods of Rationality Harry Potter and the Methods of Rationality is a work of alternate-universe Harry Potter fan-fiction wherein Petunia Evans has married an Oxford biochemistry professor and young genius Harry grows up fascinated by science and science fiction. When he finds out that he is a wizard, he tries to apply scientific principles to his study of magic, with sometimes surprising results. Impro: Improvisation and the Theatre Switch off the no-saying intellect and welcome the unconscious as a friend: it will lead you places you never dreamed of, and produce results more ‘original’ than anything you could achieve by aiming at originality. Mister Fred Written for elementary and middle school kids, this novel about a possibly-alien substitute teacher contains a surprising amount of insight into pedagogy, managing group dynamics, antagonistic learning, and rationality. Scarcity: The New Science of Having Less and How It Defines Our Lives The dynamics of scarcity reveal why dieters find it hard to resist temptation, why students and busy executives mismanage their time, and why the same sugarcane farmers are smarter after harvest than before. Bonds that Make Us Free An interesting take on how reinforcing patterns of self-deception disrupt relationships, and what to do about it. Grounded in religious philosophy rather than cognitive science, but several of us found it life-changing.